A SWOT analysis essay will be assigned to you if you are a student of business studies. SWOT analysis refers to the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats in a business. This is very important step to structure your business plan.
Exact regional boundaries do not necessarily correspond to state borders or to other regional naming conventions.
The model assigns each EMM region an emission performance goal in each compliance year fromand holds the final goal constant from onwards.
For this analysis, the end-use sector models determine results of incremental demand-side energy efficiency activities by U.
Census division Figure 2 and then map the savings to Electricity Market Module regions. It does not consider any potential health or environmental benefits from reducing CO2 emissions from existing electric generating units covered by the Acedemic analysis Clean Power Plan.
It is not a cost-benefit analysis. Additionally, this analysis represents other laws and regulations as modeled in NEMS. The Reference case used as the starting point for this analysis is the Annual Energy Outlook AEO Reference case, which generally reflects laws and regulations in effect as of October EIA recognizes that projections over a year horizon are inherently uncertain and subject Acedemic analysis changing policy objectives, supply disruptions, the emergence of disruptive technologies, and other future developments.
It is not possible for EIA to account for all uncertainties; for practical reasons this study examines a limited set of sensitivities through alternative scenario analysis.
Additionally, there is considerable uncertainty and many challenges are involved in projecting the impacts of the proposed Clean Power Plan.
The Acedemic analysis Power Plan is still a proposed rule as of the date of this report; the final rule may differ from the proposed rule in material ways.
The regional compliance patterns presented in this analysis are model outputs from NEMS, while actual compliance mechanisms will be defined by state compliance proposals and may have different characteristics.
The construction of new generation to comply with the Clean Power Plan may necessitate upgrades to, and expansion of, electric power transmission systems; however, NEMS does not include transfer limits on intraregional power trade, nor does it contain a power-flow model or assess the reliability of bulk power transmission systems in detail.
NEMS does not consider how deliverability of natural gas to power plants using that fuel might be impacted by extreme cold conditions in regions where natural gas is a primary fuel for residential and commercial heating and local natural gas distribution companies typically have the first call on available firm natural gas transmission capacity.
The modeled emission performance trajectory was developed outside of NEMS, as an approach to represent the proposed rule's flexibility within the existing NEMS framework.
The treatment of new nuclear generation not already under construction illustrates the challenges in this area. In developing its Base Policy case CPPEIA assumed that new nuclear generation beyond units already under construction would not receive the same treatment accorded under the rule to eligible renewable generation, which is counted in the denominator when calculating the average carbon dioxide intensity rate for generation from existing fossil-fuel units for compliance purposes.
However, EIA also considered an alternative case CPPNUC that accorded all new nuclear power the same treatment as new eligible renewables in the compliance calculation. EIA's assumption regarding the treatment of new nuclear units beyond those already under construction in the Base Policy case CPP is consistent with its reading of: The proposed rule identifies new nuclear capacity as a potential source of carbon-free generation that can replace existing fossil-fueled power plants targeted under the program.
EPA focuses on what it regards as the two most promising sources of additional nuclear output: States could allow generation from new, not-under-construction plants to displace generation and emissions from existing coal or natural gas plants that were accounted for in the emission rate computation.
While this displacement would, presumably, help states meet their emission rate goal, the generation from these "new" plants would not be directly reflected in the base generation used to compute the goal. For example, in the proposal, EPA explicitly asks for comment on "whether we [EPA] should include in the state goals an estimated amount of additional nuclear capacity whose construction is sufficiently likely to merit evaluation for potential inclusion in the goal-setting computation.
This case, which is featured prominently among the alternative scenarios in EIA's analysis, reflects only one of many uncertainties in the ultimate specification of the rule that EIA evaluated.
AEO presents annual projections of energy supply, demand, and prices through The Reference case is generally based on federal, state, and local laws and regulations as of October This report includes two primary figure styles.
Difference-type figures, such as Figure 3 below, focus on the change in a specific year or over a specific time period between Clean Power Plan cases and the baseline cases from which they are developed. Time-trend figures, such as Figure 9 below, present base and policy case information starting from the historical year throughthe end of the AEO projection period.
Nearly all time-trend figures in this report have two panels. The left-hand panel reports the AEO Reference case black line together with several Clean Power Plan cases developed from that baseline. The right-hand panel reports two alternative baselines, High Economic Growth and High Oil and Gas Resources, along with one Clean Power Plan case developed from each respective baseline.
Each baseline and its associated policy case in the right-hand panel use the same color darker for the former, lighter for the latter to help readers identify which lines should be compared to identify changes resulting from the Clean Power Plan.
Relative to the AEO Reference case, the projected emissions trajectory is somewhat lower in the High Oil and Gas Resource case baseline, which has cheaper natural gas, and somewhat higher in the High Economic Growth case, which has higher electricity use.
Reductions in projected emissions in relative to baseline projections for that year range from to million metric tons. Switching from coal-fired generation to natural gas-fired generation is the predominant compliance strategy as implementation begins, with renewables playing a growing role in the mids and beyond Figures 4 and 5; Tables 3 and 4.Rankings – Top 10 Graduate GIS Programs.
January 5, In each of the past 2 years I have produced rankings for the top graduate geography programs in the U.S. Learning to Write a SWOT Analysis Essay: a Great Tutorial for Dummies Students write various kinds of essays during their academic career. A SWOT analysis essay will be assigned to you if you are a student of business studies.
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z.
A. Academic Affairs, Provost and Vice President for (ADM ) - Academic Planning and Development (ADM Students. The students actively participate in various social and acedemic activities and enthusistically run various clubs.
Analysis Reviews includes a detailed book symposium in which two or three writers comment on a book, and the author replies. The most recent symposium features a discussion on Bradford Skow's Objective Becoming. Browse all book symposiums. Feb 16, · I am designing new piping header for a Natural gas piping.
The pressures are around 50 psig and the flow is around 20 MMSCF/D of SG NG. I know that 60fps is the rule of thumb for maximum velocity in a steel pipe.