Creating an Inclusive Elementary School Tech Club Statement of the Problem Gender inequality in technology use remains, despite the use of technology in the classroom for the past twenty years and attempts to improve the circumstances. Girls are not best served by the way technology is used and taught in schools. While girls value projects that allow for group work and collaboration, computer use is typically independent work in a computer lab and does not take advantage of the collaborative possibilities offered by technology nor allow it in many projects. Classroom assignments that utilize technology often limit the aesthetic choices students are allowed to make, valuing a typed report over photographs or video as an acceptable medium of communication, for example.
Core Features for an Action Research Project All of the examplar projects meet the following criteria: A Consistent Internal Logic A consistent internal logic means that the research question s you pose at the beginning of the paper should be answered at some point later in the paper.
Connections to the Literature The research question you are exploring is tied to other research that's already been done on this question. Usually this is done in either a Connections to the Literature section or a Review of the Literature section.
Data Collection and Findings The data collection "tools" you used to collect evidence on your question need to be identified: Did you collect your data with interviews, surveys, test scores, observations, etc.?
What were your findings from the data that you collected? Reflections Personal reflections should address a the assumptions you held at the outset of the project, b the thoughts and reactions you had during the process of completing your project, and c how your original assumptions may have changed as a result of completing this project.
You may wish to create a separate Reflections section within your paper or to fold your reflections into one or more other sections of the paper.
You might choose to create a separate Implications section for your paper or you might choose to fold your implications into another section of the paper.
The following action research projects were selected during Winter to provide exemplars of the possible range for teachers' action research project. The exemplar projects are arranged on this page according to the sample selected for the study and then, further sub-divided according to the manner of data collection.
Case study of a single student. Also surveys other students as well to provide context. Extensive discussion of the theoretical model he was exploring in his case study. Can be found in: Case Study of two students within one class. Data collection includes surveys, test scores, and observations.
Uses personal reflections to tell a yearlong story of how she taught one class. Research question is not fixed throughout study, but develops over time during the course of the project. Opens with personal reflections and philosophy.
Studies one class' reactions to a week unit. Extensive reflection and discussion of her conclusions. Uses questionnaires, self-evaluations, and student writing samples to gather data on one class. Includes samples of teacher-generated work. Includes reflections and what he might do if he could do it all over again.
Personalized tone to writing. Language, Literacy, Reading, and Writing Assessment: Tracy Noteworthy aspects of this project: Explores a set of assessment approaches with one class.
Data collection includes student surveys, portfolios, and personal reflections. Extensive discussion of the literature on beginning teachers and mentoring. Data collection includes participant questionnaires, observations, and of five beginning teachers and two mentor teachers.
Offers outcomes in relation to the methods they had implemented. Connects her project to two models found within the research literature. Subdivides one class into four groups during third and fourth quarters of the school year.
Data includes observations, student surveys, and grades. Implements instructional approach in three phases with one class. Findings based on student test scores, teacher observations, and students' written and oral responses. Offers an opinion on her findings and weighs their implications for her teaching.
Literature review includes a discussion of the literature. Collects data on students in three different classes. Offers student reactions and personal reflections on each strategy used. Ties findings back to the purpose of the study. Raises additional questions to be explored.A Short Guide to Action Research, Fourth Edition.
Andrew P. Johnson. This user-friendly text provides students with everything a pre-service or in-service teacher needs to know to conduct an action research project in a clear, step-by-step presentation.
Grant award stimulating research at health professional academic institutions with not more than $6 million per year of NIH support in total costs in each of .
The proposed methodologies for undertaking this study such as surveys, participant observant, interviews are widely accepted and recognized in the field of social science and action research in education. Sample Action Research courtesy of Sir Kenneth D.
Hernandez,CAR-PhD. (Admin TeacherPH Facebook Group) This is my promised Action Research by one of the teachers at Victoria Reyes Elementary School.
In this action research report, the research question(s) “should specify the population of interest, be of interest to the scientific community and potentially to the public, have clinical relevance and further current knowledge in the field” (Farrugia, Petrisor, Farrokhyar, and Bhandari, ).
By collaborating with the military, Samueli Institute helped shape the thinking and approaches that have been incorporated in military training and into the expansion of therapeutic tools to help improve performance, deal with pain, and cope with the trauma and stress of war.