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Borrowing[ edit ] Involves recycling and concentrating elements from other works,  typical examples of which are: You can help by adding to it.
August Causes[ edit ] Church Christianity and the Renaissance[ edit ] Tolstoy approves of early Christian art for being inspired by love of Christ and man, as well as its antagonism to pleasure-seeking. He prefers this to the art born of "Church Christianity", which ostensibly evades the "essential theses of true Christianity" that is, that all men are born of the Father, are equals, and should strive towards mutual love.
The rich began to doubt, seeing contradictions between the actions of the Church and the message of Christianity. This is because both schools recognise beauty only by the pleasure it gives: And art became, not the important thing it was intended to be, but the empty amusement of idle people.
The professional artist can and must create to prosper, making for art that is insincere and most likely partisan - made to suit the whims of fashion or patrons.
In short, new artists imitate the classics, setting their own feelings aside, which, according to Tolstoy, is contrary to the point of art.
It becomes normal to worship not great religious figures but people who write incomprehensible poems  The worship of beauty legitimises the disregarding of morality as a criterion for evaluating cultural products  Modern art "direct corrupts people" by infecting them with feelings of superstition, patriotism, and sensuality  Criticism of famous artists[ edit ] Throughout the book Tolstoy demonstrates a willingness to dismiss generally accepted masters, among them LisztRichard Strauss Nietzsche and Oscar Wilde.
Theories usually involve selecting popular works and constructing principles from these examples.
Volkelt, for instance, remarks that art cannot be judged on its moral content because then Romeo and Juliet would not be good art. Such retrospective justification cannot, he stresses, be the basis for theory, as people will tend to create subjective frameworks to justify their own tastes.Evaluating the content of art.
While Tolstoy's basic conception of art is broad and amoral, his idea of "good" art is strict and moralistic, based on what he sees as the function of art in the development of humanity. just as in the evolution of knowledge - that is, the forcing out and supplanting of mistaken and unnecessary knowledge by truer and more .
Stone Carving & Sculpture Courses Carving Stone in its Place of Origin Our courses have a great reputation for quality in teaching stone carving and sculpture and for new and innovative work made in the newly refurbished Stone I Work I Space at the Drill Hall, and in the open-air workshop of Tout Quarry Sculpture Park and Nature Reserve..
Tout means ‘Lookout’ and the quarry is hewn into. Website of British sculptor Antony Gormley, creator of the Angel of the North, Field for the British Isles, and Quantum Cloud. Celtic Metal Sculpture ( BCE) Let's not forget the Celts - a series of nomadic tribes which emerged from the Caucasus around BCE, and gradually spread westwards across Europe ( BCE) as far as the Iberian peninsula, Britain and Ireland.
Bio Sketch David Hayes was born in Hartford, Connecticut and received an A.B. degree from the University of Notre Dame in and a M.F.A.
degree from Indiana University in where he studied with David Smith. List all 26 sites. Historic Forestville. A new minute tour will illuminate the – history of this site as you visit the historic house, office, store, garden, and barn.