It also represents the meaning of human existence and its destiny or that, in other words, it explores the ontological and teleological implications of the human existence as such. The other dimension of basic presuppositions encompasses the beliefs and conditions about local circumstances, environment, social, legal and political institutions of the period, its historicity and so on so forth. Accordingly, there are two sets of scriptures in Hinduism also in several other communities of non-Indian origin residing and flourishing in India since a long time -primary and secondary. The first class of presuppositions is chiefly embodied in the primary scriptures Srutiand the second in the secondary scriptures Smriti.
Modernization is a conceptual tool which social scientists have widely used in analyzing the process as well as the quality of social change.
Traditional societies have substantial degree of differentiation of social strata, divisions between village, town and city, relatively higher level of technology that depends upon wide use of animal energy; have an evolved written literary tradition along with oral cultural tradition.
Such societies also have organized systems of polity with differentiation of political, military and religious offices of specialized elite, and a fairly advanced system of trade, commerce, money and banking. The values, beliefs, ways of life, aesthetic and symbolic standards and forms of the society constitute its tradition which maintains continuity with the past.
It is this element of continuity which characterizes a social or cultural attribute or value in a society as being traditional.
The passage from traditional to modern stage of society initiates major social and cultural transformation. As society passes from traditional to modern phase of development, the closure of opportunities to status mobility is rendered more and more open.
New institutional measures and social forces emerge in society that makes the social system more open. These measures are both cultural and social structural.
Science and technology play an important role in this process, which revolutionizes the outlook of people and also basically alters its production system and economy. These developments coincide, as they did in India, with basic changes in the political system. The establishment of the democratic Indian republic cherishing the values of secularism, socialism and democracy challenged the traditional values of caste inequalities.
The key to this process is the exposure of Indian society and its elite to the culture of science, technology and democracy in the West. The new institutions of education, law and justice, industry and commerce, health and medicine, transport and communication etc.
They ushered new processes of social and cultural changes in society. These came into contact with Western values of rationalism, science and technology which the British colonial administration introduced in India mainly for the consolidation of a colony, but which had new and unexpected outcome in the rise of cultural renaissance in India and the national freedom movement.Indian Culture Essay 6 ( words) The culture in India is everything such as inherited ideas, way of people’s living, beliefs, rituals, values, habits, care, gentleness, knowledge, etc.
India is an oldest civilization of the world where people still follow their old culture of humanity and care. - Tradition and Modernity within Spring Silkworms Mao Dun, author of "Spring Silkworms", was a twentieth century Chinese novelist, critic, organizer, editor, and advocate for Chinese Communism.
According to David Wang, Mao Dun was one of the most versatile Chinese literati among the May Fourth generation. Tradition vs.
Modernity, Amy Kramer Words | 7 Pages individuals caught between tradition and modernity, or between India and the . While this literature continues to reflect Indian culture, tradition, social values and even Indian history through the depiction of life in India and Indians living elsewhere, recent Indian English fiction has been trying to give expression to the Indian experience of the modern predicaments.
Tradition And Modernity In the instinctive mode of western scholars, I had once thought of Tradition and Modernity as individual chapters, each of them thinking about its topic as an entity to be understood in its respective essence and unity.
The term ‘tradition’ and ‘modernity’ are expressions of values which helps us in observing the process of social and cultural transformation in societies as they pass from the ‘primitive’ to ‘pre-industrial’ to ‘industrial’ and ‘post .