The rather soft-grained viol string family of the Renaissance was gradually replaced by the bolder violin, viola and cello, the harpsichord was invented, and important advances were made in all instrumental groups.
For other important pictures, see: Analysis and Interpretation of Birth of Venus by Botticelli A unique mythological painting from the Renaissance in Florenceand the first non-religious nude since classical antiquityThe Birth of Venus Nascita di Venere belongs to the group of mythological pictures painted by Sandro Botticelli in the s, following his return from Rome after completing three fresco paintings in the Sistine Chapel for Pope Sixtus IV.
The other mythological works include Pallas and the Centaur c. Like these works, The Birth of Venus remains one of the profound treasures of the Florentine Renaissance. The work, painted with tempera on canvas, depicts the female nude figure of the goddess Venus standing on dry land having emerged from the sea.
It was commissioned by Lorenzo the Magnificent of the Medici Familywhose quattrocento humanist circle was particularly interested in classical mythology, and marks the culmination of the revival of ancient myths, within the context of a humanistic Renaissance art.
A perfect example of the type of picture targeted by the Dominican monk Savonarolain his virulent 4-year campaign against profanity and frivolitythe painting miraculously survived the monk's "bonfire of the vanities" in This, despite its obviously pagan narrative and the fact it contained one of the first full length female nudes since the classical era.
This good fortune enables us to enjoy one of the greatest Renaissance paintings by one of the most stylish of early Renaissance artists. Venus According to the classical poet Hesiod, Venus was conceived when Chronus castrated his father, the God Uranus, whose severed organs fertilized the sea.
But Botticelli received additional inspiration from the Florentine poet, humanist and classical scholar Angelo Polizianoprotege of Lorenzo Medici, who wrote about this scene in his epic poem "Stanze per la Giostra".
He described Venus as being driven towards the shore on a shell by Zephyrus, god of the wind, while the Horae of the seasons stood on the shore in white, flowing garments. No doubt Botticelli borrowed from these and other accounts. At any rate, The Birth of Venus depicts the moment when, having emerged from the sea in a shell, Venus lands at Paphos in Cyprus.
She is blown towards the shore by Zephyrus - god of the winds - and the breeze Aura, while a Hora of Spring stands on dry land poised to wrap a cloak, decorated with spring flowers, around Venus to cover her nudity. A wistful gaze under heavy eyelids lends the goddess an air of cool distance.
The fine modelling and white flesh colour gives her the appearance of a statue, an impression fortified by her stance which derives from the sculpture of ancient Greece - in effect, a more fluid version of the Medici Venus Venus Pudica 1st century CE, Uffizi Gallery, Florence - a medium which was highly regarded in Florence at the time.
Despite the slightly unusual dimensions of her body - the elongated neck and her overlong left arm - Botticelli's Venus is an incredibly beautiful woman with smooth, delicate skin and golden curls. She is born to the world as the goddess of beauty, and the viewer is witness to this act of creation.
As she lifts a foot to step off her gilded shell, the winds shower her with roses - each with a golden heart according to mythology the rose flowered for the first time when Venus was born - while the orange blossom on the tree in the middle ground is also fringed with gold.
Plato also argued that contemplation of physical beauty enabled the human mind to comprehend spiritual beauty.
This means that when 15th-century Neo-Platonic viewers looked at The Birth of Venus they would have felt themselves being inspired to contemplate spiritual that is, divine love. If this sounds somewhat airy-fairy, note that The Birth of Venus and other similar works by Botticelli and others are now being seen as wedding paintings that recommend suitable behaviours for bride and groom.
Other Interpretations The Birth of Venus has attracted a number of other explanations from a variety of scholars, historians and related experts. The painting was inspired by a Homeric hymn published in Florence in by the Greek writer Demetrios Chalcondyles; it was associated with Venus Anadyomene Venus Rising from the Seaa lost masterpiece of the artist, Apelles, mentioned by the classical historian Pliny the Elder.
Medici Connection Another explanation is that the painting was executed to flatter Lorenzo de' Medici, the powerful head of the Medici clan. The image of Venus in this picture and also in La Primavera is supposedly modelled on the stunning Simonetta Cattaneo Vespucci, the alleged mistress of both Giuliano de' Medici and his elder brother Lorenzo.Today in Christian History (Daily) A daily newsletter featuring the most important and significant events on each day in Christian History.
John Calvin dies. By using basic forms and colors, Mondrian believed that his vision of modern art would transcend divisions in culture and become a new common language based in the pure primary colors, flatness of forms, and dynamic tension in his canvases.
Birth of Venus () by Botticelli: Evaluation, Analysis, Pictures of Renaissance Painting. narrative and the fact it contained one of the first full length female nudes since the classical era. This good Christian Interpretation. About AD Learn all about Christianity at pfmlures.com with rich, theological articles, video, and audio focused on the life of Jesus Christ, Bible Study, the Christian church, and Christian living for .
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It is the first. Leonardo was born on 15 April (Old Style) "at the third hour of the night" in the Tuscan hill town of Vinci, in the lower valley of the Arno river in the territory of the Medici-ruled Republic of Florence.
He was the out-of-wedlock son of the wealthy Messer Piero Fruosino di Antonio da Vinci, a Florentine legal notary, and Caterina, a peasant.