The study builds on important research commissioned by the Society inwhich found that new Canadian adults were four times more likely to be unable to swim than those than those born in Canada.
In the same shooting spree, Loughner killed or wounded 18 others, including a federal judge and a nine-year-old girl. Individuals with serious mental illnesses have perpetrated other recent shoot-ings, including the massacre in at Virginia Tech in which a college senior, Seung-Hui Cho, killed 32 people and wounded Surveys show that 60 to 80 percent of the public believes that those diagnosed with schizophrenia, in particular, are likely to commit violent acts.
Although studies have pointed to a slight increase in the risk of violent behaviors among those afflicted with major psychiatric ailments, a closer examination of the research suggests that these disorders are not strong predictors of aggressive behavior.
In reality, severely mentally ill people account for only 3 to 5 percent of violent crimes in the general population. The data indicate that other behaviors are likely to be better harbingers of physical aggression—an insight that may help us prevent outbursts of rage in the future.
In this column, we refer only to severe mental illness—meaning schizophrenia, bipolar disorder or psychotic depression.
Symptoms of schizophrenia include marked disturbances in thoughts, emotions and behaviors; delusions fixed false beliefs ; hallucinations perceiving things that are not physically present ; disorganization; and withdrawal from social activities. Bipolar disorder is usually characterized by swings between depression and mania, which involves euphoria and grandiosity, a boost in energy and less need for sleep.
Psychotic depression includes acute depressive symptoms, along with delusions or hallucinations, or both.
Most researchers investigating the question of aggression in the mentally ill have found a small but telling association between violence and significant psychological disturbance. In a meta-analysis, or quantitative review, of studies exploring this connection, psychologist Kevin S.
Douglas of Simon Fraser University and his associates found a slightly greater likelihood of aggressive behaviors among those with severe mental illnesses. Yet this connection is much weaker than the public seems to believe it is and does not necessarily mean that these serious disorders cause violence.
The causation could be in the reverse direction: Alternatively, a third factor could spawn both a psychiatric condition and violence. Rather than thinking of people with severe mental illness as generally dangerous, scientists are now pinpointing those other factors that might augur violent behavior more reliably.
One strong candidate is drug abuse. Steadman of Policy Research Associates and his colleagues reported that almost a third of severely mentally ill patients with substance abuse problems engaged in one or more violent acts in the year after they left the hospital.
For discharged patients who did not abuse drugs, the corresponding figure was only 18 percent. That figure suggests that less than one fifth of severely mentally ill individuals without other issues are dangerously aggressive. In addition, it found the link was even stronger for patients who suffered from delusions, hallucinations or disorganized thinking.
Thus, a mentally ill person is more at risk of committing an act of aggression when that individual is also abusing a drug and shows particular symptoms.INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SCIENTIFIC & TECHNOLOGY RESEARCH VOLUME 5, ISSUE 05, MAY ISSN 86 IJSTR© pfmlures.com Media Influence On Public Opinion Attitudes.
1 Role of Civil Society in Democratisation: A Case Study of Zambia By Ms. Sreya Maitra Democratisation, in contemporary politics has been considered a .
The role of social media in higher education classes (real and virtual) – A literature review. A comprehensive, coeducational Catholic High school Diocese of Wollongong - Albion Park Act Justly, love tenderly and walk humbly with your God Micah Marginalization and role of civil society.
Marginalization has been defined as a complex process of relegating specific groups of people to the lower or outer edge of society. The role of regulatory authorities (license broadcaster institutions, content providers, platforms) and the resistance to political and commercial interference in the autonomy of the media sector are both considered as significant components of media independence.
In order to ensure media independence, regulatory authorities should .